Keys and General Outline of Revelation

Verses 17-18

For centuries humanity has sought the key to life and death. Only Jesus has the key. One of the keys is the key to hell (Hades). Note the following verses:

Ephesians 4:9

Acts 2:31

Hebrews 2:14-15

Ephesians 4:8-10

When a person has keys, this indicates that this person is either a owner of the property or has authority on that property. Christ owns the universe, and He has authority over all things—even Hell.

Verses 19-20

These verses serve as an outline for the rest of Revelation.

The Past

The things that thou hast seen—Revelation 1

The Present

The things which are—Revelation 2-3

The Future

The Things Which shall be Hereafter—Revelation 4-22

The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches. The seven candlesticks are the seven churches. Some say these angels are the “pastors” of these churches. Some say they are just what the word says—angels.


Description of Jesus as Seen in Revelation


Rev. 1:13-16

Christ is the center of the church. Our lives are meant to revolve around Him. What about our hearts? Our hearts are the seat of our affection. What is our affection? He is the Mediator between God and man. (I Tim. 2:5 and Matt. 18:20)

One clothed like the Son of Man

The title “Son of Man” is used eighty times in the four gospels and the Book of Acts. It is in reference to Christ as king of the coming millennial kingdom.

Clothed with a garment down to the foot

This speaks of the garments of the High Priest. The priests ministered in the Holy Place in the temple. Jesus is our High Priest. (Heb. 4:14)

Girt about the paps with a golden girdle

This is a symbol of strength and authority in the ancient world. The average man wore a short tunic and loose fitting clothes. Authorities wore girdles. The High Priest also wore such sash (girdle). (Lev. 16:4) Jesus Christ has authority for He is God.

His head and His hairs were white like wool, as white as snow

This speaks of ancientness and righteousness of God. Daniel called the Lord “the Ancient of Days. (Daniel 10:6)

His eyes were as a flame of fire

In the Greek language, this reads “eyes that shot fire.” It indicates that He was angry. Chapters 2-3 reveal why He is angry. It is focused on the sin and apostasy of the churches. The Lord is not pleased when we are not what we should be.

And his feet like unto fine brass

Bronze speaks of judgment. The brazen altar of the tabernacle is where sin is judged. He is not only “Judge of the Church,” but the world as well. Mockers will be judged one day. (John 5:22 and Romans 2:16)

His voice as the sound of many waters

The voice of the Lord will be a roar of judgment. People aren’t listening to His Voice today. They will hear and listen in that day.

Had seven stars in His right hand

These are angels or messengers (v. 20)

Out of his mouth went a sharp two-edged sword

The Word of God is a two-edged sword. (Heb. 4:12) There is no defense against God’s Word.

His Countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength

John’s reaction was like a man fainting. (Ezek. 1:28; Dan. 1:18 and Is. 41:4)


Instructions to the Apostle John

Verse 9

The person of the commission is the Apostle John. The Apostle John mentions himself   in the content three times.

Verse 10

The piety of the commissioned. In other words, the devotion to God is in view. Note what John says: I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day. This speaks of the first day of the week, which is Sunday. After the resurrection of Jesus, this day became the day of worship for all believers. The “Spirit” of the Lord rested upon him. He is dwelling in the spiritual realm. He was about to have things revealed to him concerning the future.


Verse 11

Jesus tells John that he shall receive divine visions. They shall reveal what shall come to pass in the future. John has been specially called for this purpose.

He is instructed to write exactly what he sees because it will be shared with the seven churches. This epistle has been handed down over the centuries for the present-day church.

Verse 12

At this point, John turns to face the direction that the voice is coming from. He sees seven golden candlesticks. The candlesticks are lamps, lamp stands or menorahs. They represent the seven churches. The responsibility of the church and the believer is to be a light to the world. We are like a city set upon a hill, which cannot be hid. Eph. 5:8 and Phil. 2:15.


The Greeting and the Faithful Witness

Verse 4

The greeting “grace and peace” was a standard opening in ancient times. Note Romans 1:7. The phrase “who is, was and is to come” is a reflection of a Greek title, which stands for an eternal deity. It especially reflects a Greek exposition of the Old Testament name I AM. Note Exodus 3:14. The Septuagint has the phrase “he who is.”

Verse 5

Jesus Christ is the “faithful witness” as seen in Revelation 3:14. He is the first fruit of those who shall be resurrected. Note I Cor. 15:20, 23; 2 Tim. 2:8; 1 Pet. 1:3.

Verse 6

When God set Israel free, they were known as a “royal priesthood.”  1 Peter 2:5, 9; Rev. 20:6.

Verse 7

Please read Matthew 24:30 and Daniel 7:13-14. There are five aspects of Christ’s return to earth in glory listed here. They are as follows:

1.      It will be personal. He cometh. Acts 1:11

2.      It will be public. Every eye shall see Him.

3.      It will be prestigious. He will be coming on clouds. It will symbolize His majesty.

4.      It will be painful for some. Those who pierced Him shall wail. Christ’s rejecters will not find His return in glory a happy time.

5.      It will be positive. Amen. This is a word of affirmation. His return is certain. Scoffers are already mocking this event. 2 Peter 3:3-4

Verse 8

Jesus’ deity is affirmed in three ways:

1.      The completeness in Christ. He is the Alpha and Omega. The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. Jesus is everything. Anything that we can think of He is a part of except sin.

2.      The continualness of Christ. Which is, and which was, and which is to come. Christ encompasses all time. Time was made for man. He is not limited by time.


3.      The conquering by Christ. He is the Almighty. Jesus is all-powerful as seen in the gospels. This means He is omnipotent.





The Seven Churches


Note Revelation 1:4, 11

It should be noted that these churches are mention in clockwise order according to location. The deliverer of this letter presented it in the following order:

Ephesus in the coast

Northward to Smyrna and Pergamum

East to Thyatira

Southeast to Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea

These churches are located in Asia, which is now called Turkey.

Later scripture reveals the information to each church.

The Prophecy and the Partakers



It brings comfort John14:1-3

Consecration John 21:21-23

Cleanliness I John 2:28 and I John 3:2-3

Based upon the imminent return of Jesus, we must live godly lives, and walk by faith.



Rev. 1:4, 11

What are the seven spirits before the Throne? Note Isaiah 11:2

The Spirit of God is sevenfold in His character and imputation of spiritual attributes in our lives.

1.      The Spirit of the Lord—The Nature of Jesus Christ

2.      The Spirit of  Wisdom—The ability God gives us to make the right decisions

3.      The Spirit of Understanding—The ability to understand the difficult

4.      The Spirit of Counsel—The ability to give good and wise advice

5.      The Spirit of Might—The Power to do God’s will

6.      The Spirit of Knowledge—The ability to know beyond human comprehension

7.      The Spirit of the Fear of the Lord—The ability to respect and reverence the Lord and His will for our life

The number 7 is used 49 times in this letter. It means completion or perfection. Note the following usage:

7 seals—Revelation 6

7 trumpets—Revelation 8

7 vials—Revelation 15:7

7 spirits—Revelation 1:4

7 stars—Revelation 1:16

7 lamps of fire—Revelation 4:5

7 angels—Revelation 8:2

7 churches—Revelation 1:11

7 golden candlesticks—Revelation 1:12


The Presentation of the Book


Rev. 1:1

The Greek word for “Revelation” is Apokalupsis. It means “an appearing, unveiling, coming; to show or expose to view.” While Daniel is told in Daniel 12:4 “to shut up the words, and seal the book,” Rev. 22:10 says “seal not the sayings of the prophecy of this book.” It should be noted that this is the Revelation of Jesus Christ—not John.

This book is written to Jesus’ servants. The New Testament says they are His “bondservants,” which includes today’s servants. The phrase “he that hath an ear, let him hear” is seen eight times. Therefore, as believers, we must submit ourselves to the will of God. Then we will have little difficulty in understanding this book.

The events spoken of here “will shortly come to pass.” The word “shortly” comes from the Greek word en tachi, which forms our English word “tachometer.” This word means “an instrument used to measure speed or velocity.” The word “shortly” indicates swiftness. The events described in this book will come to pass swiftly as they begin to unfold. God does not measure time like we do. 2 Peter 3:8

There is a lot of space given to the Second Coming of Jesus Christ in the New Testament. Note the following:

-260 chapters

-318 references concerning Jesus’ second coming, which means 1 in every 30 verses

-23 of the 27 books of the New Testament refer to this event


Rev. 1:3

It opens and closes with a promised blessing. The word “blessed” is used seven times. It is the same word used in Matthew 5. Note the following “blessings” that come to the reader of this book.


















There are three perquisites necessary to receiving the promised blessings. They are:

1.      Blessed is he that readeth.

2.      Hears the word of this prophecy.

3.      Keeps those things written therein.