The Greeting and the Faithful Witness

Verse 4

The greeting “grace and peace” was a standard opening in ancient times. Note Romans 1:7. The phrase “who is, was and is to come” is a reflection of a Greek title, which stands for an eternal deity. It especially reflects a Greek exposition of the Old Testament name I AM. Note Exodus 3:14. The Septuagint has the phrase “he who is.”

Verse 5

Jesus Christ is the “faithful witness” as seen in Revelation 3:14. He is the first fruit of those who shall be resurrected. Note I Cor. 15:20, 23; 2 Tim. 2:8; 1 Pet. 1:3.

Verse 6

When God set Israel free, they were known as a “royal priesthood.”  1 Peter 2:5, 9; Rev. 20:6.

Verse 7

Please read Matthew 24:30 and Daniel 7:13-14. There are five aspects of Christ’s return to earth in glory listed here. They are as follows:

1.      It will be personal. He cometh. Acts 1:11

2.      It will be public. Every eye shall see Him.

3.      It will be prestigious. He will be coming on clouds. It will symbolize His majesty.

4.      It will be painful for some. Those who pierced Him shall wail. Christ’s rejecters will not find His return in glory a happy time.

5.      It will be positive. Amen. This is a word of affirmation. His return is certain. Scoffers are already mocking this event. 2 Peter 3:3-4

Verse 8

Jesus’ deity is affirmed in three ways:

1.      The completeness in Christ. He is the Alpha and Omega. The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. Jesus is everything. Anything that we can think of He is a part of except sin.

2.      The continualness of Christ. Which is, and which was, and which is to come. Christ encompasses all time. Time was made for man. He is not limited by time.


3.      The conquering by Christ. He is the Almighty. Jesus is all-powerful as seen in the gospels. This means He is omnipotent.






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